23/07/2015 13h17 - Updated 23/07/2015 13h29

Pílula antiaids começa a ser distribuída nesta quinta-feira (23)

O ideal é que o tratamento seja iniciado duas horas após contato com sangue infectado.
Photo: reproduction
Photo: reproduction

From Thursday, todas as pessoas que tiverem risco de contato com o vírus causador da aids, o HIV, passam a ter acesso aos medicamentos antiaids em qualquer serviço especializado do país. O tratamento é chamado de profilaxia pós-exposição. Ele é indicado tanto no caso de acidentes ocupacionais, como pode ocorrer com profissionais de saúde que tiveram contato com sangue de paciente infectado, quanto com vítimas de violência sexual ou ainda pessoas que tiveram relação sexual desprotegida.

Assim como na pílula do dia seguinte, o ideal é que o tratamento seja iniciado nas primeiras duas horas após a exposição ao vírus, e, no maximum, in 72 hours. However, para ter eficácia, o medicamento precisa ser administrado por 28 days.

Para o Ministério da Saúde, a medida facilita o acesso ao tratamento e evita a recusa eventual dos serviços de fornecerem a terapia. Until then, não era raro acontecer, for example, de algumas instituições de atendimentos a vítimas de violência alegarem que só poderiam fornecer remédios às mulheres atendidas no local. “A maior parte das recusas ocorria para pessoas que recorriam ao serviço depois de manter relações sexuais desprotegidas”, afirmou Fábio Mesquita, diretor do Departamento de DST, Aids e Hepatites Virais do Ministério da Saúde.

Para facilitar o acesso aos serviços, em dezembro será lançado um aplicativo com orientações sobre os postos de distribuição mais próximos.Além de centros de serviços especializados em DST-Aids, em algumas cidades os antirretrovirais também são fornecidos em unidades de emergência.

Source: Veja.com

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