30/11/2015 10h36 - Updated 30/11/2015 10h36

Violent deaths grow 3,8 percentage points over four decades

Os dados são do IBGE e foram divulgados nesta segunda-feira, 30.
Photo: Agency Brazil
Photo: Agency Brazil

Over the past four decades, a proporção de óbitos violentos no país, em relação ao total registrado, grown up 3,8 pp, passing 6,4% in 1974 for 10,2%, in 2014. Os dados do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE), released today (30), mostram ainda que a maioria (84,2%) das vítimas de mortes violentas é formada por homens, aged 15 e 24 years, e 16,8% são mulheres, na mesma faixa etária.

Apesar do aumento registrado no númerto total de óbitos violentos, a gerente da pesquisa Estatísticas do Registro Civil, Cristiane Moutinho, ressalta a “significativa” queda de mortes por causa violenta em alguns estados do país. “É preciso destacar que houve realmente uma variação muito grande por unidade da Federação, com reduções significativas em São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, federal District, Rondônia, Roraima, Pernambuco e Acre, nesta faixa etária [from 15 a 24 years]”.

At the other end, a pesquisadora do IBGE destaca o Ceará como o estado onde houve maior aumento do percentual de mortes por causas violentas, principalmente na faixa etária entre 15 e 24 years. “Quando você olha para o Ceará, for example, o aumento de mortes por causas violentas nesta faixa etária chegou, na última década, a 224,4% na última década. Houve também aumento no número de mortes por causas violentas nos estados da Bahia, Maranhão, Alagoas, Rio Grande do Norte e Piauí, tanto entre as pessoas do sexo masculino quanto feminino”.

Os dados da pesquisa indicam, for example, que a queda da mortalidade masculina por causas violentas no Rio de Janeiro chegou a cair 38,2 pp, passing 131,5, to each 100 thousand men, for 93,3. In Sao Paulo, o índice caiu 34,1 percentage point (from 125,7 for 91,6, to each 100 thousand men). Já em Alagoas, o índice mais que dobrou ao subir 87,8 points (from 73 for 160,8, to each 100 one thousand), enquanto no Ceará a variação foi 72,2 points, passing 69,3 for 141,5 to each 100 thousand men, nas últimas quatro décadas.

Com a publicação de hoje, a pesquisa Estatísticas do Registro Civil completa 40 anos desde o início da divulgação de informações sobre o tema no Brasil, in 1974, quando o Instituto assumiu os encargos de coletar, sistematizar e divulgar os dados remetidos pelos Oficiais dos Cartórios do Registro Civil de Pessoas Naturais.

According to the IBGE, essas informações são “de suma importância, já que esses eventos permitem construir Tábuas de Mortalidade que irão subsidiar as projeções populacionais por método demográfico”. O instituto lembra que nesses 40 years, o país passou por mudanças profundas nas componentes da dinâmica demográfica, principalmente em relação aos níveis e padrões de fecundidade e de mortalidade, “influenciando significativamente a composição por sexo e idade da população brasileira”.

Source: Agency Brazil

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