female prison population increased 567% in 15 years

Most cases are for drug trafficking, 68% prisons.
10/11/2015 10h26 - Updated 10/11/2015 10h26
Photo: Raphael Alves

The female prison population rose from 5.601 for 37.380 inmates from 2000 e 2014, growth of 567% in 15 years. Most cases are for drug trafficking, reason 68% prisons. The data are part of the Women InfoPen, national survey of prisons to the Ministry of Justice, what, for the first time, deepens the analysis with gender clipping. The announcement of the new study was last Thursday, day 5, in Brasilia (DF). The Coordinator of the Department of Monitoring and Supervision of the Penitentiary System and Socio-Educational Measures CNJ (DMF/CNJ), Luis Geraldo Lanfredi, attended the ceremony.

Total, women account 6,4% of the prison population in Brazil, which is approximately 607 thousand inmates. The rate of women prisoners in the country is higher than the overall growth of the prison population, had increased 119% in the same period. Compared to other countries, Brazil has the world's fifth largest female prison population, behind the United States (205.400 inmates), China (103.766) Russia (53.304) and Thailand (44.751).

Women's reality of data in the prison system were extracted from the survey released by the Ministry of Justice in June this year (base year 2014), what, However, brought no breakdown by gender. This Thursday, It was presented the profile of women deprived of liberty for education, cor, age group, civil status, plus the percentage of prey by prison nature, (temporary or sentenced), type system (closed, semi-open or open) and the nature of the crimes for which they were sentenced.

“There is a growing trend of female prison population and therefore we need to give visibility to this issue. Only having a real picture of the situation, You can guide effective public policies”, explains the general director of the National Penitentiary Department of the Ministry of Justice, Renato de Vitto, that led the study.

In the evaluation of the coordinator DMF / CNJ, Luis Geraldo Lanfredi, this study is important in that it starts taking the invisibility of women. “When we approached the prison system, You must recognize that the woman belongs to one of the most vulnerable groups, on an already vulnerable segment, which is the prison population. we forget, oftentimes, What about the woman lies a moral failure that goes far beyond the crime she practiced, making a much heavier sanction for her than for men”, stated


Near 30% of prey in Brazil remain pending. Sergipe leads the number of provisional prey, with 99% of inmates in this condition, while in São Paulo, only 9% them awaiting judgment of Justice.

The study also revealed that most women arrested in the country (68%) it is black, While 31% They are white and 1%, Yellow. No Acre, 100% the inmates were black in June 2014. The second state with the highest percentage is the Ceará, with 94%, followed by Bahia, with 92% Black dams. The number of indigenous people does not reach 1% national female prison population. At the time of the survey, there were only Indians arrested in the states of Roraima, Amapá, Mato Grosso do Sul and Tocantins.

As to age, near 50% of incarcerated women have between 18 e 29 years; 18%, between 30 e 34 years; 21%, between 35 e 45 years; 10% They are aged between 46 e 60%; e 1%, It has aged 61 e 70 years. According to the survey, in June last year had not arrested over the age of 70 years.

When it comes to education, only 11% of them completed high school and the number of graduates of higher education was below 1%. Half of the prisoners have the elementary school, 50%, e 4% they are illiterate.

prisons – The document also provides information on the prisons where women are (mixed or female), blending conditions, existence of nursery structures, nursery and special cell for pregnant women. On the types of establishments, the InfoPen Women reveals that, of all prisons in the country (1.420), only 103 They are exclusively female (7% do total), While 1.070 They are male and 239 They are considered mixed (house men and women). In 8 units there is no information on gender divide. States with exclusive units for women, eleven have only one for gender, to meet all the demand state - Acre, Alagoas, Amapá, Bahia, Ceará, Maranhão, For, large northern river, Roraima, Santa Catarina and Sergipe.

“The prisons, the internal structures of these spaces and the living standards in the prison are almost never adapted to women's needs, since they are always drawn from a male perspective. Medical care, for example, It is not specific. Now they lack medical, let alone gynecologists, as women's health requires”, said the coordinator of the DMF / CNJ, Luis Geraldo Lanfredi.

Only 34% the female establishments have adequate cell or dormitory for pregnant women. In mixed establishments, only 6% the units have specific space for custody of pregnant women. The existence of nursery or center of maternal and child reference, 32% of women's units have the space, while only 3% of mixed units have this structure. Only 5% of women's units have childcare, not being registered by the study no nursery installed in mixed units.

The reality of women prisoners in the country will be discussed during the 2nd National Meeting of Women's Imprisonment, event that the Department of Monitoring and Supervision of the Penitentiary System and Socio-Educational Measures CNJ (DMF/CNJ) He is preparing for the first half of 2016. The aim is to deepen the debate about female incarceration, proposing changes in workflows for better performance of government, in order to meet the peculiarities arising from the social rehabilitation process of women in the criminal justice system.

The meeting will be facing judges, promoters, public defenders and managers who work with the prison question in the business. “The issue of gender in the prison system strips away one situations universe, justifying a different understanding of the problem. The situation of women in jail, in a general way, imposes forms of court action and the different routines that traditionally are performed under an androcentric matrix, so there is the realization of concrete and effective justice”, justifies the coordinator DMF / CNJ.

The event to be held by the search CNJ leave in the past situations like that shocked public opinion in September, when an inmate of Talavera Bruce women's prison, in Rio de Janeiro, He attended the birth itself into a lonely. According to the State Court (TJRJ), despite the cries for help of other prey in the next cell, the mother left the place with the baby, a girl, already in arms, but still attached to the umbilical cord. The director of the prison unit was removed from her post at the request of TJRJ and the State Department of Penitentiary Administration (SEAP) It opened internal inquiry to ascertain the facts.

“We need to be more courageous to face the dilemmas of female incarceration in prison, under the lens of their differences, notably as regards issues related to sexuality, homoafetividade and more specific and inherent to the universe of incarcerated women”, evaluates Luís Lanfredi.

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