Unification police in Brazil returns the agenda of the House after recess

Project, which provides for changes in the organization of the police, is dicussão the CCJ.
07/01/2016 12h35 - Updated 7/01/2016 12h35
Extinction of the military police is also on the agenda. (Photo: Press Release / Acspmam)

At the beginning of the legislative work this year, the Committee on Constitution and Justice and Citizenship (CCJ) Chamber of Deputies, will review proposals to establish changes in the organization of the police in Brazil. Ideas to improve public safety in the country, creating a unified police, uniting civil and military police in the same institution, and installation of the complete cycle called police provoked controversies 12 seminars conducted by CCJ, over two months, in the second half of last year.

The complete cycle of police is when the same police force deals with prevention, repression, criminal occurrence and research. No Brasil, the tasks are divided: the Military Police and the Federal Highway Police are responsible for the prevention and repression, and the Civil and Federal police, for research.

Unification and extinction

The changes are subject seven proposed amendments to the Constitution (PEC 430/09 six appended) pending before the House of Representatives. Some proposals provide for the unification of the police and investigations, with the extinction of the Military Police.

Others, as PEC 431/14, Mr Warrant Officer Gonzaga (PDT-MG), extends the powers of the PM, giving you Judicial Police duties, with investigative powers.

The report by Mr Raul Jungmann (PPS-PE), the admissibility of tenders, It was presented at the CCJ few days before the parliamentary recess and is on the agenda of collegiate polls. Legislative work in return 2 of February. Approved the CCJ, the proposals will be reviewed by a special committee.

squandered investigations

Warrant Officer Gonzaga says, as have the assignment to investigate, military police and federal road throw out the research material collected by Brazil apart during routine police, data that could be useful in the process.

He believes that his proposal solves a problem of displacement: “In the territory that has more than one police, one that meet the blatant, it contains the blatant, and all that depend on research that territory, forwards Civil Police or the Federal Police. Now, that territory, that municipality, which has only one police, she can do the full cycle.”


In November, during a hearing in CCJ, MEPs and experts shared the view that the main factor to be overcome to discuss a change in the police system in Brazil is the corporatism of those involved, especially the Civil Police and Military Police.

According to the former deputy secretary of Public Security of Minas Gerais, Luis Flávio Sapori, corporatism of the two police prevents the advancement of discussion, because neither wants to lose or give up their specific power.

He said he made an attempt to integrate in your state, but he bumped into corporate interests, as status dispute, power and wages: “If there is no agreement, consensus, between delegates from civil police and officers of the military police in Brazil, we will not be able to reform the police system, because the corporate interests of both parties are very strong”.

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