Study population analyzes plants used for the treatment of leishmaniasisThe research has already listed 138 species of plants grown in homes.
A survey carried out with Amazonas Government support, through the Foundation for the State of Amazonas Research (Fapeam), analyzing the Amazon is more plant species used for the population as natural drugs in the treatment of leishmaniasis, disease caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania and other tropical diseases.
The study, coordinated by PhD in Biotechnology, the Federal University of Amazonas (I trust), Janaína Paolucci, It has identified the regional medicinal plants used in the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis and listed 138 species of plants grown in homes and 84 plant species traded for medicinal purposes in the municipality of Humaita (distant 591 kilometers from Manaus).
According to the researcher, between the selected species will go to study in vitro are: Dragon blood (Cróton lechleri), mulateiro (Calycophyllum spruceanum), envira-dura (Ephedranthus amazonicus) e Confrei (Symphytum officinale L.). "The species are used in the treatment of various diseases by Humaita community and have activities described in the literature as healing, antitumoral, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antimicrobial, antifungal, emollient and anesthetic ", said researcher.
Paolucci said that the second stage is in progress with the preparation of plant extracts of selected species. After this, will be made to identify the active ingredients and chromatographic and spectrometric analyzes of the extracts with promising antileishmanial activity in vitro, to identify active substances, pure or mixed.
As the doctor, the study will contribute to the rescue and appreciation of popular knowledge, as well as understand the classification and significance of plants used for medicinal purposes by the population of Humaita, also provides the prospect of suitable managements in order to provide the preservation of the species.
"The evaluation of leishmanicide activity of the species found in the southern Brazilian Amazon flora contributes scientific support for the formulation of a herbal medicine or drug, potentially effective, in combating leishmaniasis ", Paolucci said.
The study is developed under the Research Support Program (universal Amazonas), the Fapeam, which financially supports scientific research activities, technology and innovation, in all areas of knowledge, representing a significant contribution to the development of the Amazon. "The support of Fapeam enables the development of research and training of human resources", said researcher.