17/06/2016 11h41 - Updated 17/06/2016 11h41

Brazil records 5.411 cases and 886 H1N1 deaths this year, says ministry

The Rio Grande do Sul was the state where more people died, followed by Paraná and Goiás.
Photo: reproduction
Photo: reproduction

Brazil recorded 5.411 cases of influenza A (H1N1) between January and 6 June this year, according to data released by the Ministry of Health. altogether, 886 people died from this type of flu. In the same period last year, were 19 Disease records nationwide, with two deaths.

Region and states
With 2.280 cases, the Southeast Region has the largest number of H1N1 records, of which 1.926 in the state of Sao Paulo.

The states that reported the highest number of infected people were: Rio Grande do Sul (650 cases); Paraná (568); Goiás (265); Mato Grosso do Sul (180); For (150); Rio de Janeiro (141); Holy Spirit (124); Santa Catarina (121) and or Federal District (105).

The state of São Paulo also leads the number of deaths from the disease, 402 deaths, followed by Rio Grande do Sul (105); Paraná (72); Goiás (46); Rio de Janeiro (42); Mato Grosso do Sul (33); Santa Catarina (28); Holy Spirit (26); Minas Gerais (23); For (21); Bahia (19); Pernambuco (14) and or Federal District (12).

Vaccination
The national vaccination campaign against influenza immunized this year 49,9 millions of people who are part of the increased risk of complications of the disease groups, which exceeds the target audience provided by the ministry, formed by 49,8 million people.

The target audience is children 6 months to 5 incomplete years, individuals with 60 years or more, Health care workers, Indian people, pregnant women, women who had children there are at most 45 days, arrested, employees of the prison system and people with chronic diseases.

Children who took the first vaccine this year should return to health posts for the second dose until the day 20 of June.

Officially, the national campaign ended on 20 of May, however, the Ministry of Health recommended the continuation of vaccination to states that have not reached the goal. They were made available 54 million doses of vaccine - a technical reserve 4,2 million above the quantitative doses of persons within the priority public.

The choice of priority groups follows the recommendation of the World Health Organization (WHO). They prioritize the most susceptible groups to the exacerbation of respiratory diseases. Studies have shown that vaccination can reduce between 32% e 45% the number of hospitalizations for pneumonia and 39% a 75% mortality from complications of influenza.

Prevention
The Ministry of Health recommends that, besides vaccination, people should take preventive measures to prevent influenza infection. Some of them are always wash your hands and avoid places with high concentrations of people, which facilitates the transmission of respiratory diseases.

Source: Agency Brazil

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