18/06/2016 11h45 - Updated 18/06/2016 20h29

Brazil has laws against corruption, but little functional, says research

In reading the specialists, Brazil has a set of good standards, including higher compared to other countries, but has failed in effecting.
Photo: reproduction
Photo: reproduction

At the federal level, the country has well-established laws and regulations to combat corruption, but many of them are not functional.

This is shown by research that evaluated the mechanisms for preventing and combating corruption in the federal government in recent 15 years, presented today (16) during the Conference Ethos 360, in Rio de Janeiro.

Coordinated by Professor of the Center for Studies and Research of the Universidade Estadual Paulista (unesp) Corrupt, Thomas Coles Piedmont, the study analyzed the National Integrity System, within the Union.

Ethos Institute initiative, the survey was conducted in the period August 2014 to March 2016 and made the diagnosis of the vulnerabilities of the current mechanisms for preventing and combating corruption.

the progress and areas of vulnerability were identified in ten pillars: Legislative power, Judicial power, budget cycle, hiring staff in public bodies and companies, procurement of works and services, electoral system, internal control, external and social, media, civil society and business environment.

The team coordinated by Rita of Cascia Biason found that Brazil has a set of good standards, including higher compared to other countries, but has failed in effecting.

"The problem is that monitoring, sometimes, it's not very good".

The professor cited, for example, the electoral system. "He [or system] It passes through a series of reforms 1990 here and now reaches, in 2015, with a final minirreforma. We had 'enes’ changes in the electoral system”, said, adding, However, these changes did not result in an effective fight against box 2 in election campaigns.

Transparency
The research points, according to teacher, which is still fragile civil society participation and the lack of transparency in the judiciary. "The judiciary lacks disclosure".

The research analyzed normative acts of the Federal Public Ministry (MPF) e do Supremo Tribunal Federal (STF). “This is a claim of those who work and research the Judiciary in Brazil”, said Professor Unesp about lack of access to information.

national level
During or event, proposal was made to construct the National Health Plan, Transparency and Combating Corruption, which has reference to the methodology of Transparency International and the assessment of their own National Integrity System (WITHOUT). The executive director of the Ethos Institute, Caio Magri, It reported that the plan is based on the ten pillars of the system.

“We need to have a more principled business environment, transparent, especially in public-private relations, focusing on a new relationship with the estatais.Isso companies is fundamental ", said.

The director also advocates more mechanisms to punish managers who flout the Fiscal Responsibility Law, more transparency in public procurement processes, reduction of commissioned positions and clear rules for contracting in public companies, increasing social participation in the monitoring of public policies and protect the exercise of free press, as well as more transparency in the legislative debate and to improve the electoral system.

The Ethos Institute listed 150 organizations and leaders from various sectors will be consulted to forward contributions to the plan.

Magri expected in days 20 e 21 of September, the Ethos Conference, in Sao Paulo, may already be the first results of the consultation presented.

The expectation is that by the end of the year the suggestions can be submitted to the Judiciary, the legislature and the federal government.

Source: Exame.com

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