depression hits 1 in each 10 jobless people, says IBGEThe data are part of the National Health Survey 2015 - Health Indicators and Labour Market.
Study the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) announced today (30), indicates that, in 2013, 10,2% of Brazilians 18 years or older who were out of the labor market (one in ten) They are suffering from some kind of depression, a total of 61,8 million people who did not work, or seeking employment – in a universe of 93 million employees.
The data are part of the National Health Survey 2015 - Health Indicators and Labour Market.
The survey accounted, in season, the existence of some 160 million people by integrating the population in active age (PIA) from the country, in a universe of 200,6 million people, second or Census 2010.
When analyzing the Brazilian working-age unemployed (5,7 million out of the labor market, but looking for a job) in 2013, the percentage drops to 7,5%.
Among people outside the labor market (who did not work, or seeking employment, although working age), the total comes to 7,6%, or equivalent 11,2 millions.
The lowest percentage of workers with depression was found among the employed population: 6,2%.
The survey on the occurrence of depression among the population of working age covers the number of people over the age of 18 indicates years and, still, what 12,6% of the population out of the market took some kind of sleeping pill.
The analyzes were done in partnership with the Ministry of Health. Regarding sex, both in the field of population 18 years or more and in the employed population of the same age, women had a higher percentage of depression diagnosis prevalence: 10,1%.
Analyzing minded 18 years of age or older by age group, the data shows that the medical diagnosis of depression increased to the group 40 a 59 years, with a reduction in prevalence from this range - between people 40 a 59 years old, 8,2% reported having been diagnosed with depression, while for those of 60 or more years of age the prevalence was 7,4%.
For analysis of the number of people outside the labor market with depression, IBGE took into account the population over 18 years old, who did not exercise any activity: retirees, students, people who have given up temporarily to seek employment due to temporary problems of the market or, still, women whose husbands had high yields and decided to devote himself to the children and home.
In an interview to Brazil, the Household Surveys manager IBGE, Maria Lucia Vieira, He admitted that the issue of depression may be linked directly to the age of the worker.
"What we identified is that, according to age, grows the percentage of people who had some type of depression ".
For her, as the population out of the labor force is made – mostly – for older people, this could be a justification for the highest percentage. "So, has, sim, a strong relationship with the question of age ".
The research manager also talked about the higher incidence of women among the contingent of Brazilians with depression.
"Among women, the percentage of diagnosis of depression is up to three times higher than among men. This occurs both among the unemployed population and among those outside the labor force – which may be an indication that this percentage may be related to the issue age and sex than with working conditions ", he explained.
In the National Health Survey 2013, IBGE found that the prevalence of three chronic diseases with the highest incidence in the population (arterial hypertension, high cholesterol and back pain) It is much higher among the employed population than among the unemployed.
percentage, among the most present chronic diseases, especially among people 65 a 74 years old, stands hypertension, with 52,7%; followed by chronic problems of spine or back (28,9%); and high cholesterol (25,5%).
The IBGE found, still, that the prevalence of Osteomolecular Disorders Related to Work (Repeated movements of any part of the body) it was 2,8% between busy people and 2,6% among the unemployed.
In the evaluation of the IBGE Household Surveys manager, the higher incidence of chronic diseases among the employed population can be directly related to the issue of occupational stress.
"Although we have not investigated the causes of the higher incidence, the fact is that the working population has a higher incidence of these major diseases, especially when we talk of hypertension, high cholesterol and back pain ".
"In relation to chronic diseases, this increased incidence may be related to the labor market, because the age groups between the two groups are very similar ", said Lucia Vieira.
In the total number of people with the universe 18 years or older out of the labor force the incidence is even higher, "What should occur because the group is composed of people with older age".
Accident and Violence
Another finding of the study released by the IBGE is that, in 2013, 12,4% the 4,9 million people 18 years or more who have suffered work accident were with any sequel or disability, or equivalent 613 thousand workers.
According to the IBGE, of these 4,9 million injured at work, 32,9%, (or 1,6 million) They failed to perform usual activities.
The survey found, still, what 4,5 million people 18 years or more suffered some kind of traffic accident with injury, of which 32,2% They were in commuting to work (1,4 million) e 9,9% Working (445 one thousand).
In what concerns the aggression and violence, the study indicates that, in 2013, 4,6 million people with 18 years or more (3,1%) They suffered some type of aggression or assault by unknown. Do total, 846 thousand were assaulted in their workplaces (18,4%).
Already aggression or acquaintances of coming violence reached 2,5% with 18 years or more (3,7 millions), being that 11,9% (439 one thousand) suffered abuse at work.
The IBGE considers those who have suffered accidents or violence in the work, physically active individuals. No Brasil, 14% of people 18 years or more were active at work (20,5 millions), in 2013.
no lazer, 22,5% They practiced the recommended level of physical activity (32,9 millions). Regarding the condition in the labor market, 25,2% two employed (22,7 millions), 31,1% two unemployed (1,6 million) e 16,8% of people outside the labor market (8,6 millions) They practiced the recommended level of physical activity during leisure time.
The usual monthly average income of workers with some of the deficiencies investigated by IBGE was, in 2013, R $ 1,499 one thousand, value 11,4% lower than the R $ 1,693 thousand paid to workers without disabilities.
The survey produced estimates of four types of disabilities: intellectual, physical, Auditory and visual. The results showed that 7,2% the population of 14 years of age or older had at least one of these four disabilities, considering that 21,7% of employed people reported having high or very high degree of limitation of their usual activities, which include work.
Of this total, 1,3% He claimed to have hearing disabilities, percentage was higher among people outside the workforce (2,6%) than between employed (0,6%) and unemployed (0,4%)
Considering the deficiencies investigated by the survey, the visual has been the most common for people 14 years or more (4,3%).
Among the occupied, there were 3,1% with this disability; among the unemployed, 1,7%; while among people outside the workforce, 6,4%
According to the National Health Survey 2013, since the people who worked at night, even if the shift begin during the day, had average income of R $ 2.073, value 21,2% greater than that of workers who exercised their activities during the day, which it was R $ 1,71 one thousand.
Studies on the number of Brazilians who had complementary health coverage found that, in 2013, the percentage of people 14 years or older who had some type of health plan (medical or dental) It was from 28,9%, in a little over universe 200 million people.
In this aspect, research is clearly: between busy people, the higher the income the higher the percentage of health plan members.
Among the busy people who counted proporcionalmentes with this service the percentage was 32,5%, while the percentage of people outside the labor force to fall 24,7%, further reducing among the unemployed (only 16,3%).
For the Household Surveys manager IBGE, Maria Lucia Vieira, it is clear that, when they can financially, people rush to some kind of health plan.
"Although we have no data to relate this trend to the public health system deficiencies, it is clear that, the higher the income of people, the more likely they have any health plan ".