PNE goals for high school will not be met if the current pace is maintainedTo meet the targets, the main challenge is to make the school more attractive.
The goals outlined in the National Education Plan (PNE) for secondary education will not be met if the country maintains the current pace of inclusion of students and adaptation of age with grade level. According to projections made by Aytron Senna Institute, by the end of the rule of law, in 2024, maintained the current scenario, Brazil will have to include more than 10% youth in step. To meet the targets, the main challenge is to make the school more attractive.
by PNE, law establishing goals and strategies from kindergarten to graduate school for later this year, all students 15 a 17 years should be in school and, up until 2024, at least 85% these students should be in the correct age, that is, in high school. According to a survey of the Institute Ayrton Senna, if we maintain the current pace, in 2024, we will come out of today's 84,3% for about 88% young people at that age in school. these, currently, 58,6% They are correct in step. In 8 years, will be little more than 70%, that is, still far from the goal envisaged in the NAP (85%).
“The high school is in my view the great challenge of Brazilian education”, says the director of coordination and innovation of the Instituto Ayrton Senna, Mozart Neves Ramos. According to him, in step, not just parents compel their children to go to school, the classes should be attractive to these young people have an interest in keeping the studies. “The school today is far from the aspirations of this young. We need a school that can develop his longings, or to enter higher education, is providing professional education to prepare for the world of work”, complements.
disinterestedness proof is the performance of young people in education stage. currently, 27,2% have adequate learning in Portuguese and only 9,3%, in math. According to Ramos, swelling of disciplines and the lack of trained teachers in the areas where they operate contribute to the lack of interest.
States and regions
The pushing, made based on data from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) and educational indicators of the Ministry of Educacação (GUY), also shows an improvement in the country, consider the different regions. North and Northeast were the regions that have advanced more on the inclusion of youth 15 a 17 years in school, but were also the regions that set off the worst levels.
no North, in 2004, 78,6% these young people were in school; in 2014, the percentage rose 5,47%, reaching the current 82,9% – still below the national average. In the Northeast, it went from 78,9% for 83,2%. At the other end, Southeast exceeds the national average, with 86,5% of young people in school, however growth, It was the lowest, from 1,23% since 2004, when he was 85,4% of young people in school. The South has, in the same period, from 81,7% for 82,8%; e o Midwest, from 79,9% for 81,9%.
In Ramos analysis, It is easier to increase indicators that are lower than those that are already higher and require a greater effort. He also points out financial issues such as the Fund for the Development of Basic Education and Valuing of Education Professionals (Fundeb) and encouraging high school full time, which are calculated according to the number of enrollments as incentives for inclusion. “There was a great deal of inclusion, mainly in the North and Northeast”, says.
federal District (89,6%), Rio de Janeiro (87,4%), Minas Gerais (86,7%) and São Paulo (86,5%) They have the best of inclusion indicators. For (84,5%), Maranhão (85,1%), Pernambuco (81,6%) and Piauí (85,5%) They had the highest jump in ten years. they had, respectively, increased 11,2%, 8,9%, 8% e 6,9% in enrollment.
In the evaluation of the Paraíba Education Secretary, Aléssio Trinity Barros, who is vice-coordinator of high school working group of the National Council of Education Secretaries (consed), unlike childhood education, step in missing vacancies, the high schools have vacancies to suit all students. It is necessary, However, structural reform. “The high school must have trajectory fexible, must be able to form both for higher education when for technical and professional courses. This new agenda has to be put into practice, high school is conteudista and disciplines are decontextualized”.
According to him, the Consed bet on approval of the Bill 6.840/2013, which deals with the high school redesign. The secretary also argues that MEC support is needed so that states can improve the infrastructure of schools.
The bill which is being processed in the Deputies Chamber to be voted in plenary. According to the deputy Reginaldo Lopes (PT-MG), who was president of the Special Commission to promote studies and proposals for the reformulation of high school, this week, entities shall be called active in the sector to talk about the presentation of a substitute. The Consed sent to the House a proposal that must be unified with the interests of other actors and be presented in plenary. A expectation, according to the deputy, It is that the vote take place by the end of the year.
The MEC reported, in a statement, it considers that the actions of previous management were sprayed and did not show the expected results for the teaching step. nevertheless, He says no folder program will be abandoned. “The new team, as the minister said Mendonça Filho, will focus on the reform of high school”.