Number of companies in the country falls for the first time since 2007Brazil lost 289 thousand companies 2014, down 5,4% about 2013.
Brazil lost 289 thousand companies 2014, down 5,4% about 2013 and the first since the start of the series, in 2007, the Central Register of Enterprises (Cempre) released today (17) the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). Active formal organizations, 5,1 millions, They occupied 55,3 million people. The number of employed persons is increasing 0,2% (97,5 one thousand) and salaried personnel 0,8% (381,3 one thousand), compared to 2013.
One of the coordinators of the research, Katia Cilene Medeiros de Carvalho, He explained that most of the companies that did not survive the crisis was small. "Most businesses that closed were the sectors of trade and processing industry, with up to nine persons employed. Or increase, though small, of employed persons suggests that, most likely, workers who lost their jobs in businesses that closed were absorbed by larger companies, already consolidated, which are better able to survive periods of crisis ", He commented Katya.
The number of partners and owners recoiled 3,9% (283,8 one thousand), They may also have been, largely, absorbed by the market, entering as salaried staff. Total salaries and other remunerations (R $ 1.5 trillion) increased 4,5%, and the average monthly salary (R$ 2.301,82) grown up 1,8%, in real terms.
In 2014, the fifth consecutive year, the trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles concentrated most of the employed persons, with 9,3 million people (19,3%) and represented 40,1% companies (2 millions). however, in salaries and other compensation, trade was in third place (12,3% or R $ 181,4 millions). The sector with the largest share in salaries and other compensation was public administration, defense and social security, R $ 338,2 millions (23%).
The lowest average monthly wages were paid for accommodation and food (R$ 1.133,10), administrative activities and complementary services (R$ 1.409,43) and trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles (R$ 1.498,91). these activities, who paid lower average monthly wages, absorbed together 32,6% of employed persons.
Gender and Education
Women's pay was equivalent to 80% of men's wages in 20014. The average salary for men was R $ 2.521,07 and women, R $ 2.016,63.
The government and non-profit organizations had greater female participation in employed persons. In business entities predominated the male employed persons throughout the period considered. "The number of women is growing year by year. In public companies, entry is facilitated by contests, where merit is what counts, but female participation is also growing private enterprises, although fewer ", said Katya.
In 2009, 41,9% Brazilian employees were women and 2014 the percentage rose to 43,5%. With respect to business entities, a drop of 5,6 percentage points of the difference between male and female participation of 2008 a 2014. In nonprofits, the share of employed women increased from 52,8% for 55,6% in the same period.
By level of education, the employed persons with higher education received, average, R$ 4.995,08, while no upper level staff received R $ 1.639,04, a difference of 204,8%.
Regarding education, public administration had the highest proportion of employees with higher education (43,9%), but without top-level personnel predominated in all categories, reaching 87,9% the business entities and 71,2% in nonprofits.
Regions of Brazil
The Southeast Region concentrated 51,6% (2,9 millions) local units, 50,5% of employed persons (27,9 millions), 50,2% of salaried staff (24,2 millions) e 54,4% (R$ 799,8 billion) wages and other remuneration.
The south of the country was the second region with the highest number of local units (22%) and salaries and other remunerations (16,1%), but it was third in relation to total employed persons or wage, with 17,8% e 17,2% respectively. The North was second in employed persons (17,9%) and employed persons (18,5%) and was in third place in number of local units (15,1%) and salaries and other remunerations (14,4%). The Midwest region was in fourth place in all variables, and the Northern Region in fifth place, with the lowest values.