ounce of sacrifice displayed in torch relay in Manaus reveals endangered species of dramaOz Army mascot had been chained and presented to the public during ceremony.
A morte de Juma, Ounce who attended a ceremony with the Olympic torch in Manaus on Monday, reveals the drama of an endangered species and raises questions about the keeping of wild animals in centers of the Army in the Amazon.
The Juma jaguar was shot down with a pistol shot in the War Training Center in Selva (Cigs) shortly after being displayed in the Olympic event. As another ounce, nicknamed Simba, she had been chained and presented to the public during the ceremony.
The Army maintains several ounces in captivity in the Amazon. Felines ─ and animals of other species ─ usually adopted by the body to be found in captivity or in the hands of hunters.
many ounces, as Juma, become mascots of battalions and undergo training sessions. In Manaus, the cats are frequent presence in military parades, practice condemned by biologists and veterinarians.
In 2014, during recording a documentary in Manaus, the military Cigs showed Juma, the mascot of the center, BBC Brasil. In season, They explained that the jaguar had been rescued with injuries after her mother was killed. It was taken to the center and there grew up under the care of keepers.
The tragic fate of Juma draws attention to the situation becoming more precarious species, listed as endangered in Brazil by Ibama in 2003.
It is an animal that requires large areas preserved to survive, hunting species such as capybaras and alligators up. She has been threatened by deforestation, not only in the Amazon as well as the Pantanal and Cerrado, to make room for the expansion of agricultural activity.
For John Paul Castro, biologist with a Masters in animal behavior at the University of Brasilia, Juma may have fled after stressing during the event.
“It is not healthy or desirable to subject an animal to a situation like this, with noise and many people around”, he tells BBC Brazil.
“Often an ounce now lives in a precarious and stressful situation in captivity, which is aggravated in a stirring scene.”
Castro says many battalions of the Army in the Amazon keeps ounces in captivity. He claims to have visited a center that held a feline in Cruzeiro do Sul (AC) in conditions “and rough”.
second Castro, is a mistake to treat ounces as domesticated animals. He says it takes several generations in captivity for a species get used to living with humans.
The biologist says, ideally, seized ounces must be returned to nature or taken to shelters, where they might get loose in large spaces.
According to him, the release of cats is a complex process, but there are successful cases around the world ─ as the Tigers returned to forests in Asia.
Hours before the death of Juma, BBC Brazil asked the Army information about the keeping of wild animals in organ dependencies in the Amazon. There was no response to the publication of this report.
A veterinarian from Manaus who has worked with the army and asked not to be identified defended the body of criticism. According to him, to care for rescued animals, the corporation assumes a function that should be other government agencies.
He says the military are very careful with the animals and the bureaucracy prevents many are returned to nature.
The vet also said that most of the rescued jaguars reach the body still young and become dependent on caregivers, which makes it difficult to release.