Single Registry facilitates access to Bolsa Família and My House, My lifeThe North and Northeast regions registered the highest percentages of access attempts (61,9%) and interviews (43,7%).
In 41,5% of 67 million existing homes 2014 no Brasil, at least one resident had tried to access the Unified Register for access to social programs of the federal government, as Bolsa Familia and the Minha Casa Minha Vida. In a quarter of these permanent homes, the resident had been interviewed for registration, prerequisite to access the benefits. The North and Northeast regions registered the highest percentages of access attempts (61,9%) and interviews (43,7%).
The information is part of the Single Registry Access supplement and Inclusion Programs Productive, National Sample Survey of Households (Pnad) 2014, released today (4) the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE).
For research analyst Alessandra Scalioni Brito, although this is the first study on the subject done with data Pnad, the numbers suggest that the Single Registry is well disseminated.
“[The set] It is showing that the Single Registry is universalizing to be a government database as a gateway to public policy as Pronatec [National Program for Access to Technical Education and Employment], My House My Life, not only the Bolsa Família, which is what most know more. "
second Alessandra, the main contribution of the supplement will point out the areas where the Single Registry of the target audience is not being received. "It is important to cover the benefits of bottlenecks that may not come, because the person does not know the registration or social program. It will help to better disseminate information to those people who really need can seek registration and become beneficiaries of the programs. "
Only 6,3% residents were unaware of the Single Registry or federal social programs. The highest percentages of households that are unaware of the registry and the programs were found in the southern regions (7,2%) and north (7,1%).
In households with uneducated and less than four years of study, trying to registration (27,8%) and the occurrence of interview for the Single Registry (30,7%) They were proportionally larger than in households in which there was no attempt, or occurrence (15,6% e 22,9%, respectively). In 74,5% of households where there was an attempt to registration lived at least three residents in 2014.
The diarist Mary Alice Gonçalvez, 45 years, It is a beneficiary of Bolsa Família three years. With a monthly family income of about R $ 800, she holds herself four children and one grandchild. "It's a good help. I can not work all day, because all my kids are still in school and help with my little grandson, from 10 months. Shortly, girls begin to work and will stay looser for me, but, for a while, the benefit ensures a lot indoors ", said Mary Alice, who praised the fact that the program to link the payment to the frequency of children in school.
“Always worried about that, but my kids have some buddies that mothers only began to collect and care for the children after they began to receive the Bolsa Família”, said.
monthly household income per capita
Almost 70,5% of households with income class up to half the minimum wage attempted registration. Already in households in the class more than half the minimum wage, this proportion was 50,2%, 19,7% in the class of one to two minimum wages and 28,9% in class more than three minimum wages.
The criterion for registration is monthly income of up to half the minimum wage per person, total monthly income of up to three minimum wages, or earning more than three minimum wages, provided that the registration is linked to the inclusion in social programs in the three spheres of government.
Near 43% of households in which there were interviews in the first two income classes, that is, up to half the minimum wage, e 34,6% those with half the minimum wage. In the class over one to two minimum wages, the proportion of households with interview was 16,1% and class with more than two minimum wages, 3,7%. The average income of households in which there was interview was R $ 530 per person.
The study points, also, the water supply for general network was more present in households in which its residents tried to access the Unified Register (89,4%), than in those where access was attempted (80,3%).
The washing machine existed in 71% of households where no one was benefited by social programs and only 42,8% of households that attempted to access the Single Registry. In those households who have tried to register, 30% They had computer with internet and 31,1% owned car. Already in households in which there was no attempt to registration, 56,8% they had cars, e 52,4% used computer with internet.
Households that was interviewed had higher proportion only motorcycle (28,2% versus 23,4%).