Polls related to elections 2016 They are prohibited from tomorrow, day 20It is important to highlight the difference between poll and polls, since research may be disclosed until the day of election.
From Wednesday (20) It is prohibited to hold polls related to the electoral process Elections 2016. In this aspect, it is important to highlight the difference between poll and polls, since these may be disclosed to the election day itself.
As defined, poll is a simple collection of opinions of voters with no control sample without the use of scientific method for its realization. This type of query depends only on the spontaneous participation of interested.
Already the electoral research requires statistical data carried along a portion of the population of voters, in order to compare the preference and intention to vote about the candidates running particular election.
Therefore, the dissemination of polls and surveys at odds with the rules laid down in legislation is considered an offense which can be punished by payment of a fine ranging from R $ 53 a R$ 106 one thousand. The fine is provided for in paragraph 3 of Article 33 of Law 9.504/97 (Election Law).
Up until 2013 the law allowed the dissemination of polls in this period. Since then, the Election Law was modified and passed to prohibit this kind of informal consultation.
Rules for research
The polls must be registered with the Electoral Court from January 1 of the election year. Until now, They were recorded in the TSE 879 polls. Research should inform the period of completion of data collection; the margin of error; or number of interviews; the entity name or company who made it and who hired and the number of registration in the Electoral Justice.
In case of non-compliance, the law imposes severe penalties for the dissemination of opinion polls should be done responsibly, due to its influence on the electorate's mood, with potential impact on the outcome of the election, since they must be safeguarded the legitimacy and the balance of the electoral dispute. According to the article 21 TSE Resolution No. 23.453/2015, the social communication will bear research publication of the consequences unrecorded, even if it is playing article published in another media outlet.
It is important to remember that the Electoral Court does not make any prior control over the outcome of the research, either manages or takes care of disclosure. Any disagreement on the research must be done by proxy, which will be examined by the electoral judge of the locality in which the survey was conducted, that is, the Electoral Court will only act if provoked.
Access to research
Those interested in accessing the research can consult the TSE website on Elections option 2016 - Political Polls. This link is available the information from each search according to the registered municipality. It is possible to search by city.
Log in to Resolution No. 23.453, which governs the rules of polls.