Inflation measured by the IPCA-15 comes back and closes last 12 months 8,93%Once again food prices continue to pressure inflation, reaching up 1,45% in relation to the previous June.
Prior to the official inflation of the country, measured by the National Index of Consumer Prices Broad 15 (IPCA-15) accelerated again this month, the rise 0,14 percentage point and move from 0,40% for 0,54% between June and July this year. As a result, or IPCA-15 acumula high de 8,93% the last twelve months - result, However, as to be 0,05 percentage point lower than the rate accumulated in the 12 preceding months: 0,98%.
The data were disclosed today (21) the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) and indicate that the cumulative total for the year is 5,19%, well below 6,9% recorded in the same period last year. In July 2015, the rate was 0,59%.
Weight two foods
Once again food prices continue to pressure inflation, reaching up 1,45% in relation to the previous June, exercising 0,37 percentage point over the high of the month. With high 0,37% in July and participation 69% IPCA-15 in the month, the food and beverages accused the highest range for the months of July from the high recorded in 2008: 1,75%.
Also once again the beans carioca, where prices rose, average, 58,06%, was, in isolation, the item that exerted the greatest impact on monthly index, 0,18 percentage point. In Goiania, per kilo of product increased 81,03%, in Brasilia (62,69%), in Salvador (61,69%) and Fortaleza (60,63%).
According to the IBGE, other bean types also showed significant increases in prices. The mulatinho now costs, average, 45,94% but has, black rose 34,23% e o Fradinho, 11,78%.
The food continues to be the villain of inflation and not only by high elevated and widespread of the various types of beans consumed by Brazilians. According to the IBGE, various other foods were "much more expensive" from one month to the next.
This is the case, for example, rice, that had high prices in 3,36% in average, but reaching 8,2% in Belem; 6,67% in Fortaleza; e 6,53% in Goiania. The result is that eating beans and rice, typical Brazilian dish table, now it costs much more expensive from north to south.
Another food with important participation in household spending, the increased milk 15,54%, average, reaching 27,46% in Curitiba; 24,15% in Porto Alegre; e 20,17% in Goiania. Like this, the prices of their products increased, highlighting the milk powder, that stayed 3,26% more expensive.
A high of 0,54% inflation – IPCA-15 – in July alone was not higher because, as opposed to lifting 1,45% Group food and beverage, most other groups of products and services surveyed showed deceleration in the growth rate from June to July.
The exception was the transport group closed the month of inflation prior to variation 0,17% and showed acceleration in the growth rate compared to June, due to the pressure from airline tickets, that went up 19,05%.
no group, also showed significant increases interstate bus (3,69%); Toll (1,98%); ethanol ( 1,22%); car repair (0,85%) and license plate and license (0,77%).
Important items fell, helping to contain the monthly rate. Especially electricity - great villain of inflation last year -, which closed with deflation 1,26%; voluntary insurance of vehicles (-1,23%); gasoline (-1,11%); used car (-1,02%); and new car (-0,63%).
Between the 11 regions involved in IPCA search, seven closed with rates higher than the national average 0,54%, especially Goiania where the rate ranged from 0,01% for 0,91% between June and July, the highest increase in the country. After, It appears Bethlehem (from 0,41% for 0,69%.
How is it
The IPCA-15 serves as a preview for the country's inflation measured by the Consumer Price Index (HICP). The difference is in the collection period. No case do HICP, prices were collected from 15 June to 13 July (reference month).
E, although the indicator refers to families in the same income range (from 1 a 40 salary), covers only 11 major metropolitan regions and municipalities of the country, while the IPCA involves 13 regions and municipalities.