More of 50% young people who want to attend college depends on the governmentResearch shows that most have programs like Fies and Prouni.
More than half of youngsters who want to pursue higher level in the country has no money to pay for their training and, therefore, They have social programs to encourage higher education government, as the Student Financing Fund (Fies) and the University for All Program (ProUni). Most, 64,8%, finished high school in state school.
The data are from a survey by the Brazilian Association of Maintainer of Higher Education (ABMES), released on Wednesday- market, in Sao Paulo. They were heard 1.000 youth 18 a 30 years, with high school education, from Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, Florianópolis, Salvador, Fortress, Manaus, Recife and Belém.
According to the survey, 81% of young people interviewed intend to pursue higher level within the next three years. Even taking interest in studying at community college, 78,6% these young people do not reject hold a course at a private university .
Although the dream of diploma, over half of them, 50,5%, She said the family is unable to afford a private college.
Within this group you want to attend a graduation, 57,9% youth looks forward to the University for All Program (Prouni) e 50,3%, with Financial Aid (Fies).
About required careers, most dreams of being a doctor (12,7%), lawyer (11,1%) or engineer (10,9%).
- Today, of 7,8 million students in higher education , 75% are in private institutions - says Janguiê Diniz, CEO of ABMES.
According to the expert Luciano Mendes Faria Filho, Project's coordenador “Think Education, Think Brazil”, However, the state must adopt policies that promote public education so that young people do not depend on a place at a private institution:
- It is evident that the alternative is not to increase the public funding of private institutions. If you want to actually solve the problem of higher education, You need to make expansion of public spaces- said the educator, adding that Brazil has one of the lowest averages in the world with regard to the amount of public places:
– Brazil is one of the countries in the world that has one of the worst investments of public places in higher education, around 24%. This is only worse than 4 or 5 countries worlds. It's a shame for the whole Latin America.
In Search ABMES, 94,5% of respondents believe that the federal government should provide scholarships or student loans for those who have chosen to study at a private institution and do not have enough income to afford the tuition.
– In several survey responses, We see the appreciation of the state as a promoter of public educational policies – says the professor and researcher at the Federal University of Pernambuco Adriano de Oliveira dos Santos, who presented the study.
– They want to study, to have access. Prouni's bag, Fies have to pay. What they want is a way to access – He explains the CEO of ABMES. Most, 62,9%, He believes that public school students do not have the same conditions as students in particular to access to public universities
For the purse Prouni, the student must achieve, no minimum, 450 points in the National High School Exam (one). In the opinion of 64,4% young people who want to enter university, this score should remain.
The Brazilian Association of Maintainers of Higher Education (ABMES), representing more than 1200 educational institutions, second Janguiê Diniz, does not agree with the interim measure (MP) 741, modifying the form of remuneration of the banks that provide services within the Financial Aid Fund (Fies).
According to MP, program expenses will no longer be forwarded directly by the government and will be the responsibility of own powers. According to the Minister of Education, Mendonça Filho, the measure will generate a relief of at least R $ 400 million a year to state coffers. This value should be transferred by the Treasury to banks and will now be transformed into extra budget for area. Even with the increased costs for institutions, Minister dismisses an increase of tuition.
Com a MP, the monthly remuneration to be paid by the institutions to banks corresponds to 2% educational costs - in the form of government bonds - transferred by the Treasury to educational institutions every month. Today, companies use these values to offset social security charges. Com a MP, the government extends the use of these certificates to free that they can also be used to directly pay financial agents, replacing the Treasury in this operation.
– We do not agree, but we are working with the government because we think the rate is momentary and that the government find one the fastest solution to solve, have a more sustainable Fiès. You can not pass on the bill to those who offer the service – Diniz said Janguiê.