Measles is eliminated from Brazil, says World Health OrganizationThe expectation is that, to the fm 2016, the Brazil receive the measles elimination certified by WHO.
After a year without registration measles cases, circulation endemic disease virus was considered interrupted in the country, as reported today (26) the Pan American Health Organization / World Health Organization (Opas / WHO).
According to Ministry of Health, the expectation is that, to the fm 2016, the Brazil receive the measles elimination certified by WHO. The document recognizes the elimination of transmission of the disease throughout the Americas. The region will be the first in the world where this happens. In 2015, rubella was also considered eliminated.
The last cases of measles in the country were recorded in July last year, in a measles outbreak in Ceará. In this ocasion, the OpasOMS invested R $ 1,2 million to support the costs of actions to control the outbreak and recruiting 165 nurses and nursing assistants.
According to the organization, professionals participated in the mapping of regions with the highest measles transmission. The initiative allowed the vaccination was made both in basic health units and in the homes of people living in larger circulation areas of the virus that causes the disease.
Measles is normally transmitted through the air and direct contact. The infectious agent is a virus that infects mucous membranes and, then, spreads throughout the body, causing a severe, highly contagious disease.
currently, the disease is considered a major cause of death among children worldwide. Approximately 114,9 thousand people died as a result of this disease 2014, especially under 5 years old, or corresponding to 314 deaths per day or 13 per hour.
With the upcoming Olympic Games in Rio, PAHO stressed the importance of tourists and athletes to be vaccinated against measles and rubella vaccine at least two weeks before traveling. The Olympics will take place between 5 e 21 August in Rio de Janeiro, followed by Paralimpíada, from 7 a 18 of September.