25/09/2016 12h21 - Updated 26/09/2016 08h31

With mobile apps, voters can make vote-buying allegations

In total, 11 applications for smartphones and tablets for voters to participate more actively in the electoral process this year.
Photo: reproduction
Photo: reproduction

Eyeing the connectivity growing Brazilian, the Superior Electoral Court (TSE) developed 11 applications for smartphones and tablets for voters to participate more actively in the electoral process this year. With apps, You can follow the results of municipal elections, irregularities make complaints and to participate in the verification of the number of votes recorded in the electronic voting machines.

"Since the process became computerized, there is 20 years, Electoral Justice's commitment is just to use the features and capabilities that technology provides and develop the electoral process as fast evolving technology ", says Secretary of TSE Information Technology, Giuseppe Janino. The apps are available for iOS and Android platforms. currently, there are more than 196 million hits on mobile internet in the country, including 3G and 4G.

One of the main focuses of the TSE for this year is the application Sparrow, which allows voters to make irregular electioneering complaints, both on the streets and on the internet and in media outlets. The complaint is made by the application itself, with sending photos, videos or audios. For example, if a voter find a billboard of a candidate on the street, it is forbidden, You can take a picture and send the application, which automatically sends the complaint to review the Electoral Prosecutor. You can also report other irregularities such as vote buying, use of administrative machinery or irregular expenditure.

Here's what the prohibited conduct to candidates.

Within three weeks, the application has received over 25 thousand records all irregularities or country. Janino estimates that the number of complaints should rise with the approaching elections, but it points out that more important than that is the pedagogical nature of complaints. "Knowing you are being watched by the citizen, the candidate has an adequate behavior which provides for the law ", says.

Another novelty this year is the Newsletter application in hand, allowing, the end of the vote, voters know the votes cast in a specific electronic ballot box. When the election is closed, the urn clears the votes and automatically prints the result on paper, which is distributed to the fiscal and posted on the door of the polling station. The newsletter has a QR code, which is a kind of bar code that can be scanned by most mobile devices with camera. With this code, through the application, the citizen may have the voting urn that information to then compare with what is officially released.

"It's a form of ordinary citizens also monitor and audit the processing of information coming out of the electronic voting machines. It is a simple process, but of strategic importance, it means that at the very moment that ends the vote the result already becomes public knowledge. So, everything that happens from then on is easily verifiable ", explains Janino.

With the application Applications, the voter can analyze the data of each candidate, with the name, photo, government plans and data accountability. The voter can also "favoritar" their candidate, to monitor their performance later. "This is a characteristic of Brazilian voters, Nominee forget who they voted, especially considering the proportional seats ", says the secretary of the TSE.

Some applications are not yet available, but they can be downloaded in the coming days. This is the case where the Vote or Justify, that tells the exact polling place and the best way for the voter go to your section. The results application, allowing the monitoring of the votes of totalization in all municipalities in real time, It should also be available soon. This was the most downloaded application in the Apple Store 2014 on the eve of elections. in elections 2014, the TSE placed four applications available to voters.

Some applications are more focused on the Electoral Justice officials, Poll workers as, that provides information for those who will work in the elections, as a way of preparing section, the identification of the voter and the prohibition of advertising on polling day. The QRUEL and Checkup of the casket are using servers of Elections and are used to verify the correct functioning of electronic voting machines.

All applications were developed collaboratively by experts from TSE and regional courts across the country. For the Secretary of TSE Information Technology, this technology contributes to greater citizen participation in the electoral process. "Applications bring consistent information, an easier way, objective and didactic, and allow the voter to interact in the process, increasingly seeking a democratic and rigid process with respect to compliance with laws and the rights of Brazilian citizens ", says.

See the applications provided by the Supreme Electoral Tribunal for the elections this year:

on board - Allows for notification of irregularities in the campaigns. By identifying a problem, citizen takes a picture and, through the application, send the evidence to the Electoral Court in the state or municipality, who will review the complaint.

IOS https://itunes.apple.com/br/app/pardal/id1138128680?mt=8

Android https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=br.jus.trees.pardalmobile&…

candidatures – Allows the voter to track your candidate and access information such as name, number, the application registration status, cargo, match, coalition and the link to the candidate's site. The device also displays the data of accountability of politicians.

IOS https://itunes.apple.com/br/app/candidaturas/id898364507?mt=8

Android https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id = br.jus.tse.eleitoral.candi…

poll workers – It takes information about two million employees participating in the electoral process, with instructions, guidelines and questions and answers.

IOS https://itunes.apple.com/br/app/mesarios/id1133323415?mt=8

Andoid https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id = br.jus.tse.eleitoral.mesarios

I Agenda – Brings together all planned events for the municipal elections and allows for automatic notification of the entries in the calendar deadlines.

IOS https://itunes.apple.com/br/app/agenda-je/id1122739384?mt=8

Android https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id = br.jus.tse.eleitoral.app.c…

JE Process – It allows you to track the progress of cases in the TSE and electoral regional courts.

IOS https://itunes.apple.com/br/app/je-processos/id896772790?mt=8

Android https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id = br.jus.trese.treprocessos&…

elections 2016 - Gathers information to voters on a single screen, as title situation, guidance on justification, polling place, information on canvass and contacts Dial-Voter. Will be available in the coming days

Where to vote or justify - Displays the polling place and justification of posts in Brazil. Through georeferencing, helps to chart the best way for the voter arrives at his polling station. Will be available in the coming days

Newsletter in Hand - Allows the voter check the information contained in Urn Bulletins, that are printed after the close of voting and posted at the polling stations. Will be available in the coming days

results - It will allow track, In real time, the data of the result of the election in Brazil. It also allows you to select the favorite candidates and select them to follow the investigation. Will be available in the coming days

QRUEL – With the app, an Electoral Justice of the server can connect the urn and photograph the QR code that appears on the screen. This code details the voting machine is operating correctly and, If the urn present problem, TRE can replace it before the election. Will be available in the coming days

Checkup da urna – Developed for use by technicians of Elections, the device makes a check of the general features of the polls, allowing preventively act in its maintenance. Will be available in the coming days

Source: Agency Brazil

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