voter distrust increased abstention rate, experts sayThey were over 25 million citizens and is the largest abstention rate history.
The number of voters who no longer go to the polls on Sunday (2) drew attention of experts. The municipal election this year recorded the highest abstention rate history: but of 25 million eligible citizens did not vote in every country.
According to official data from the Supreme Electoral Court (TSE), the abstention rate increases from 2008, When 14,6% voters did not attend the vote. In elections this year, the index reached 17,6%. The highest percentage of abstentions was in the city of Rio de Janeiro, 24,28%. Then, were Porto Alegre (22,51%) and São Paulo (21,84%). The lowest rates were observed in Manaus (8,59%), Victory (10,76) and Recife (11,31%).
For the professor of the Department of the Graduate Program Policy in Political Science at the Catholic University (PUC) from Sao Paulo, Vera Chaia, the figures reflect the distrust of the voters in the political class. "This phenomenon is a reflection of all previous movements, the demonstrations that began in 2013. Although there has been some change in the political landscape, It was not substantial. The same political group remains in power, with the government of President Michel Temer. This is a demonstration of repudiation of the voter, a reflection of the denial of this current political system. "
The change of this scenario should not be felt in the short term, says political scientist. "While political not change, the voter will not legitimize this scenario, with political practices that are denied from an ethical point of view. Because that's what's happening, it is delegitimizing the electoral system. "
The political scientist and professor at the State University of Rio de Janeiro (Uerj) Geraldo Tadeu Monteiro Moreira points out that cities like Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo and Belo Horizonte had more white votes, null and abstentions of the candidates who came first in the race. "The expectation is that the mayors are elected in these capital with a number of small votes, around 35% of the valid votes. They have low legitimacy, which is worrying. "
for Moreira, to political reform, with the decrease in the number of political parties to give more "coherence" to governments, it is essential to change the scenario of mistrust by Brazilian voters. "There is a crisis of representation. The political system withstood and did not deal with it, He remained the same way. Like this, the voter gives up and will take care of your life or looking for candidates who do not represent the system, as those who say administrators, and not political. The behavior can be reproduced as the system does not respond to these concerns of the population. "
On visit to Argentina, President Michel Temer said the high abstention rate in municipal elections is a people's message to the political class. Second or president, the message of the voters must be assimilated to political parties and reformulate "any inadequate customs" of Brazilian politics.
"There is a disappointment, No doubt, with the political class in general. You can not particularize the party A or B. we have 35 no country parties. Almost all with candidates for municipal governments. Even so, abstention was really significant ", Temer said during a meeting with Argentine President, Mauricio Macri.