No Amazon, number of applicants for adoption is double the number of children and adolescents in waitingTJAM data show that 214 Children and adolescents in institutions collected after being withdrawn from risk.
Data from the National Adoption Register (CNA) the National Council of Justice (CNJ), August 2016, point out that the Amazon's 115 the adoption applicants records and 50 children and adolescents up 17 years able to be adopted, no link with biological parents. The difference follows the profile of the national figures. According to CNJ, There are in Brazil 37.108 families registered for adoption and 6.883 children and adolescents in a position to be adopted.
there are still, not Amazonas, according to data from the State Court (TJAM) May this year, 214 children and adolescents in institutions after being taken from risk, or awaiting resolution of conflicts to return to family or qualification for adoption. The CNJ data does not reveal the profile of children and adolescents on the waiting list at Amazon, but according to figures from the Northern region, 82% Children are brown, 9% white, 6% black and 1,1% indigenous.
According to the holder of Defense Childhood and Youth Specialized Amazonas Public Defender (ECD-AM), Mario Wu Son, the big difference between the number of children and adolescents and available to interested families reflects the preference of the applicants for a different profile from that most common in the adoption register.
"A considerable part of the families present in the ANC register idealizes white children up 3 years old, in perfect health. These fact that children are, but they represent only one third of those suitable for adoption ", said Mario Wu.
In the North, between the 1.190 suitors families, 85% accept children and adolescents of white race, 66% accept the black race and 63%, Indian race. There in northern states, 273 children and adolescents are able to adopt. no Country, second detailing the CNJ, of 37.108 suitors, 21% only accept children of the white race. In the North, 34% the applicants reject black children and adolescents and indigenous.
"In addition to ethnicity, an even greater obstacle, according to statistics CNA, is the low willingness of applicants to adopt children four years or more. in the register, only 14% the fit for adoption are under 3 years old. Are just 1.007 children in a universe of 6.883 no Brasil. And Amazon is no different ", said Mario Wu.
On the health, the National Register of Adoption shows 68% the applicants accept only healthy children. However, 25% of eligible children and adolescents with health problems, as physical disabilities or mental illness, and 1% infected with HIV.
The public defender said, still, that many families do not accept adopt more than one child at the same time, like brothers. According to him, there is hardly favorable decision of the Court of Childhood and Youth when adoption mean separation of brothers who have been deprived of biological families. According CNJ data, 69% of suitors families in Brazil accept not adopt more than one child at the same time. In contrast, 64% of those who are eligible for adoption in the country have brothers who also are waiting for a new home.
A family breaking prejudices
Mauro e Matthew Guimarães Neeley, married for ten years, They form one of the families who opened their hearts to decide to adopt. They enabled the National Adoption Register (CNJ) open to adopt more than one child to 10 years and without restriction of race or place of birth. One year later, accepted four children born of the same mother, who are living with the two three months ago, in Flores neighborhood, Central South zone of Manaus.
Thiago, from 9 years, Stefany (5), Sacarlet (3) e Stefânia, from 1 year and three months were in a shelter in the city of Barra Mansa, Inside of Rio de Janeiro, already deprived of family power. "When we got there we were a little scared, We are thinking that we would be assuming responsibility. We know the children and, the next day, We decided to go back to the shelter to get our children ", said Mauro, excited.
The couple Marcelo Cunha and Simone Ribeiro also opened his heart at the time of adoption and enabled the adoption of the National Register open to accept even children with treatable diseases. Like this, adopted Carlos, 3 years, e Rodrigo, from 5 years, Amazonians, both diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (dah).
"We were expecting a, when the news came that there were two brothers, thought: and now? But being a rewarding experience. It's a novelty every day ", said Simone. "Every day we see the love, their love for us ", said Marcelo.
DPE-AM offers legal assistance for adoption
The Defense Childhood Specialist and Youth held, January to July this year, 72 calls related to legal assistance for adoption, of which 28 applications for qualification in the register of applicants; 23 requests for adoption by bond, when the couple is already with the child for more than three years or unrelated; 12 order to start the process of adoption by couples already registered as applicants; nine through unilateral, when the stepmother or stepfather, along with the biological responsible spouse, They come with adoption process.
According to Mario Wu, It is worrying the permanence of children and adolescents in institutions, as coats, due to damage to their formation. "As it is appropriate for the location, the breaking of experience living environment is very traumatic for the kids ", said the public defender. According to the UN Children's Fund (Unicef), for each year in an institution, the child loses four months of development; in shelters, children are six times more exposed to violence and four times more susceptible to sexual violence.
Launched in 2008, the National Adoption Register, It aims to reduce the bureaucracy of the adoption process, centralizing and crossing information, the system allows the rapprochement between children who are waiting for a family in Brazilian shelters and people of all States to try an adoption. According to Mario Wu, since time is a factor in the adoption process, the delay can mean a huge reduction in child and adolescent chances to find a new home.