worker's income falls for the first time in 11 years, says researchIncome fell 5% in 2015 in comparison with 2014. All categories of employment accused reduction in the average monthly income.
The real income – corrected for inflation – Brazilian workers fell 5% in 2015 in comparison with 2014 and it was the first reduction in 11 years, reveals the National Survey of Households (Pnad) released today (25) the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE).
The income of all jobs increased from R $ 1.950 to R $ 1.853. Already from all sources, including pensions, receiving rents, interest and social benefits, among others, from R $ 1.845 to R $ 1.746 (-5,4%). The household income was R $ 3.443 to R $ 3.186 (-7,5%).
All categories of employment accused reduction in real average monthly income of the main work, especially domestic workers with a formal contract (-3,1%). The IBGE research coordinator, Maria Lucia Vieira, He explained that the fall is directly related to the decrease of the employed population in the country last year.
"It was a period when unemployment rose sharply, near 38%, and mainly hit people employed in industry, in the Southeast, and with a formal contract, who have higher incomes than those without portfolio and those working on their own. The occupation fell precisely in the areas where yields were higher ", she said.
All major regions showed a reduction in real average monthly income of all jobs: 7,2% no North (R $ 1,565 to R $ 1.453); 5,6% in the Northeast (R $ 1.295 to R $ 1.223), 5,4% not Sudeste (R $ 2.239 to R $ 2.117); 3,3% in the South (R $ 2.149 to R $ 2.079) e 3,5% and Central West (R $ 2.284 to R $ 2.203).
Or Gini index, which measures the concentration of income and inequality, was also reduced, but according to Maria Lucia, it stems from the economic crisis of the country and not the improvement in income distribution. "The revenue declines have taken much more in 50% of the population who earn more than in 50% who earn less and it made what the Gini fall ", he said. "The concentration decreased because worsened more for who was best rather than better for those who were worse".
For this indicator, the closer to zero the less inequality, It is the number one maximum inequality. The labor income distribution index fell 0,490 in 2014 for 0,485 in 2015, following a downward trend since the series 2004 (0,545).
There was a decrease also in the distribution of index of real average monthly income of permanent households (0,494, in 2014, for 0,493 in 2015) and the average monthly income from all sources (from 0,497 in 2014 for 0,491, in 2015).
Northeast has the highest level of inequality
The Northeast region had the highest level of inequality in the distribution of that income (0,498), while the South, or less (0,441). In terms of variation in the period, Southeast recorded the highest reduction of the Gini Index 2014 for 2015, followed by the Midwest.
The 10% the population with the lowest income received 3,5% the value obtained by 10% the population with the highest income. In 2014, this relationship was 3,6%.
O Group Two 10% higher yields focused almost 40% of total labor income, registering an average of R $ 7,4 one thousand, value 5,9% less than the 2014. The group belongs to the class of 10% lower monthly income of all jobs received 1,4% total yield.
In 2015, 44,7% Brazilian private households that reported having some type of income counted on to 1 minimum wage (R$ 788) a resident in the home of 68,2 million households that reported having income.