Projects in the House of Representatives intend to punish internet users who speak evil of politicalOne of the projects you want to allow any public body is entitled to investigate the authors of the post, data confidentiality will also be broken without a warrant.
In the National Congress draft laws aimed at penalizing those internet users who publish, on social networks, comments considered slanderous in an attempt to damage the image of parliament or political parties.
One project aims to revamp the civil framework of the Internet, allowing any public agency is entitled to investigate the authors of the post, data confidentiality will also be broken without the need for a court order. Today, the desferidas offenses against politicians can only be ascertained if the injured party to report the case to the police. With the proposal, both the police and the public prosecutor, should immediately investigate any offense or slander against deferred parliamentarians.
According to Ronaldo Lemos, law professor (USP), the measure hurts freedom of expression and takes the people the right to speak. "The current law permits, by law, the right of a person must show either on the street or through social networks, this is what differs Brazil from other countries, and North Korea, China and others ", said.
The projects aim to accelerate the identification and punishment of people who create offensive and defamatory against parliamentary pages on the Internet. The text will also criminally responsible providers, portals and social networks that host these sites.
The proposals aim to facilitate the withdrawal of offensive posts against politicians in general. Sites, providers and portals will be co-responsible for the publications. For example: if a user creates a fake profile (the so-called fake) on Facebook that derides or achieve the honor of a deputy, both responsible for the page as Facebook itself will be triggered criminal and will be subject to criminal and civil proceedings.
Other projects aim to curb the 'industry' of creating pages offensive against MPs. In recent years increased the number of judicial and extrajudicial claims filed by the House of Representatives against media outlets and companies like Google and Facebook. The authors say those who do not want to curtail freedom of expression.
Another project requires Internet service providers and websites to collect personal data of users who post comments on matters, forums or even institutional social networks updates.
In justification of the proposal, the author claims that the measure aims to curb incitement to hatred and criminally responsible persons who commit crimes of slander and defamation. Argued that this seal (anonymity on the Internet) It is essential so that you can punish those who, for example, to use freedom of expression to incite hatred, to slander people or to make apology for crime.
If approved, projects must completely change the behavior of Internet users with regard to publications that mention or represent any damage to the image of politicians.
Some projects increase increase the penalties for those who commit crime against honor on the Internet. Currently the penalties for this type of offense are alternative sentences, leading to the payment for food or community service.
The change provides that the penalty would be doubled and would change the penalty, the offender can meet up to six years in prison in a closed system and in some cases, It can be characterized even heinous crime, increasing, therefore worth.
The project provides that will no longer be mandatory, can any "competent authority" request data, facilitating and contributing to the Internet breach of confidentiality.
In practice, any regulating agent, regardless of reason or circumstance, You may request the private chat between users, chat conversation's private, cellular messengers Internet, as well as posts and any other movement within social networks, in addition to private messages and private e-mails.
There is a project that aims to change the police competence, with regard to judicial recovery of such crimes. Today, if someone wants to sue a user to have denigrated his image on the Internet, or committed any crime of defamation or libel via social networks, should seek a competent body and record the incident.
It is approved the bill, the prosecution will be required to represent and process this type of crime, including having to manifest in these cases.
Two projects refer to the law of 'Oblivion', that is, the measure will allow the political targets of criticism of his conduct, may require comments to be deleted immediately. Although many of these projects are submitted by unknown deputies, they contradict even their voters.