The Federal Public Ministry (MPF) notified various public institutions charging the presentation of relief work plans to indigenous Venezuelans refugees in Pará. Members of the Warao ethnic group began to move to Brazil because of the difficult economic situation in the home country.
The MPF requested that the proposed measures are drawn up and passed by the beginning of 2018. After receiving the plans, thematic meetings will be held with the presence of representatives of the ethnic group to evaluate and define the actions in dialogue with each public institution.
The federal government, MPF triggered the Civil House of the Presidency of the Republic and the Ministries of Justice, Foreign Affairs and Social Development, in addition to the National Indian Foundation. At the state level, They were notified the government of Pará, including Justice departments, Social assistance, Work and education. At the municipal level, They were invited to City Hall and the municipal departments of Education, Indigenous and Health.
Each institution shall draw up a plan of action in response to the demands of indigenous, involving housing, social assistance, access to health services, job, proper nutrition and vaccination. Prosecutors want a combined effort of the institutions to ensure these rights to indigenous.
Survey released in September this year and reported by the Agency Brazil pointed out that the main reason for the migration of the Warao ethnic group's members are hunger and economic hardship. The survey was conducted by the Federal University of Roraima and coordinated by the National Immigration Council, with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees support (UNHCR).
The study identifies the first migrations to Brazil in Warao 2014. With the worsening political and economic situation in Venezuela has increased the flow. The waves began settling in cities in the state of Roraima, especially Boa Vista, but then spread to other states in the region, as Amazonas and Pará.
According to the Union Public Defender (DPU), the Warao in Bethlehem refugees live in poor conditions. After charging the state agencies, the indigenous was welcomed in a shelter, but another continues to live on the streets or in rented houses in hazardous areas. Some Warao try to sell outstanding craftsmanship points of the city, but they have suffered from the action of the homeless, cases of burned materials and intimidation.
In assessing the regional advocate for Human Rights of the DPU to Mato Grosso, Amapá and Pará, Mayara Barbosa Soares, a first challenge is to ensure shelter to those in need. A house was rented by the state government, but the defending considers insufficient space. There are also great stress both among the refugees themselves Indians and between them and non-indigenous Venezuelans who were also fleeing the crisis to Bethlehem.
"The biggest challenge is to talk to institutions to raise awareness about the specifics of these people as indigenous. But these organs are not used to dealing with this type of person. The National Indian Foundation (Funai) no stop, I would have the experience to work with this, not involved in no time, arguing that only meets indigenous villagers ", Soares comments.
The Agency Brazil tried both the state government of Pará as the National Indian Foundation (Funai), but did not return until the publication of this report.