Despite increased, less than 40% cities have sanitation policyIn 2011, the percentage was 28,2%, according to IBGE.
Between the 5.570 Brazilian municipalities, 2.126 They have sanitation policy, even if it is not regulated by legal instrument, or equivalent to 38,2% do total. Despite the low percentage, the index increased 10 percentage points since 2011, When 28,2% They had a structured policy for the area, which includes the water supply services, sewage, management of rainwater and waste management.
The figures were disclosed today (19) the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), no suplemento General aspects of the management of the sanitation policy, within the Survey of Basic Municipal Information (Munic) 2017.
The survey was conducted April a setembro por meio de questionários às prefeituras. The survey does not evaluate the quality and effective delivery of services.
According to the survey, 24,1% municipalities were preparing sanitation policy last year. As for the municipal sanitation plan, that brings the detailed actions, diagnosis, goals and universalization targets, the percentage rose from 10,9% in 2011 for 41,5% in 2017.
The manager of research, Vania Pacheco, He says the plan is the most appropriate instrument to monitor and evaluate the service provision. "With more possibility of monitoring, of monitoring, Regulatory policy, regulation of services. All this allows the municipality can assess later on. "
On the social control of services, only 17,2% municipalities, 958 do total, They said Tue um Conselho Municipal de Saneamento. Of these, 816 They were exclusive of the area and 142 together with other policies, to the environment, health and urban development. however, 41,5% deles não tinham realizado nenhuma reunião nos 12 months prior to the survey. In 2011, 195 municipalities had advice for dealing with sanitation.
O Fundo Municipal de Saneamento Básico, source of unique features to the area, I was present in 580 counties, 10,4% do total. While in 2011, they were 215, or 3,9%.
In 30,2% (5.570 counties), sanitation is operated by consortia,16,3% informaram Tue sistema de informações públicas e 31,4% tinham ouvidoria ou central de atendimento ao usuário.
For manager, the trend is that the data improve and more municipalities implement sanitation policies in the coming years. "The movement of the federal government institutionalizing the existence of a national policy and a decree regulating this policy, also causes these to move to it, stop working out of institutional care and have tools to manage that policy in a more organized manner, more structured to address that policy ".
After 31 from December from 2019, o plano municipal de saneamento básico será condição para o acesso a recursos da União ou geridos por órgão ou entidade da administração pública federal. A pesquisadora lembra que o Decreto 7.217/2010, which regulates the National Sanitation Policy Basics, previa a data-limite de 31 from December from 2013. After, foi prorrogada para 2015, 2017 até chegar a 2019, estabelecida no Decreto 9.254, 29 December 2017.