TSE proposes radically change the way of electing councilors in 2020Working group advocates change in the election of municipal representatives; changes would have to pass in Congress until September.
A working group led by Vice President of the Supreme Electoral Court (TSE), Minister Luís Roberto Barroso, proposes radically change the way of electing councilors next year.
In a document delivered last month to the mayor, Rodrigo Maia (DEM-RJ), the court defends adopt, already in 2020, the mixed district system in cities with more than 200 thousand. The idea is to separate the municipality into districts, to elect their representatives alone.
The mixed model district, inspired by the system adopted in Germany, provides for the division of states and municipalities in electoral districts - that way, candidates for councilor in a zone of the neighborhood south of São Paulo, for example, would be different from those of the voters of a district in the north. The division of each city into districts would be made by the TSE itself, to convene a public hearing with representatives of political parties to define the criteria and limits of each.
questioned, the TSE not even informed about the conclusion of this edition forecast for the audience or on studies involving the division of cities into districts. One of the fears is that defining the geographical boundaries of each region benefit candidates and lead to distortions in the outcome of the elections - in the United States, the controversy reached the Supreme Court, which concluded that it is not for the court to decide on the division of maps.
In the system proposed by the TSE Working Group, half the seats in the City Council, legislatures and the House of Representatives would be defined as the district vote - ie, the vote on candidates from each region. The other half would be elected by the vote called Caption, closed list, where candidates of each party are informed in a predetermined list, already define the order in which the vacancies are filled. In this case, the voter chooses one list, and not a candidate.
'I do not know if you have votes to pass in Congress', said Rodrigo Maia
Rodrigo Maia, However, He said that the State sees the change in the electoral system as difficult to be approved in time to apply to next year. "It is a very good proposal. I do not know if you have vote (to pass in Congress), because changing the electoral system is difficult ", he said.
To the mayor, the current system is generating a spray of the policy framework, that hinders the "governance and executive relationship with the Legislature" by the excessive number of parties.
Criticism of the current system are endorsed by Barroso, who will take command of the court in 2020. For or minister, Brazil needs political reform able to lower the cost of elections and facilitate governance. "In democratic, only the policy itself can autotransformar. Many, like me, believe that the mixed district system provides the opportunity. This will be a patriotic actions of Congress, that will reunite the political representation of society. Like almost everything in life, no one can guarantee in advance that go to work. But the current system is not being good for the country ", Barroso said the State.
The adoption of mixed district meets resistance from lawmakers - to enter into force on 2020, It would need to approve the changes to the end of September, a year before the next elections. "We would have two months only, it is impossible to reach an agreement ", said the chairman of Solidarity, Deputy Paulinho Force (SP).
The debate still divide the attention in Congress with the joints around the pension reform. "The Chamber must be able to discuss several matters at the same time", said Mrs Carla Zambelli (PSL-SP). "I do not like because it has the mixed district of the list, that is completely undemocratic and gives too much power to the party leader ", said Zambelli, you prefer the district "pure".
According to the deputy Marcelo Freixo (PSOL-RJ), the mixed district can create problems in some cities, like Rio. "The militia are huge areas in Rio, you may be legitimizing and enabling those groups that have territorial control have also the political control. "
See what is the proposal of the TSE for elections
How is it: The congressman election, state, district councilor and depends on the party vote or coalition - is the proportional electoral system.
How would it be: Cities with more than 200 inhabitants would adopt the mixed district system. The model, inspired in Germany, It provides for the division of states and municipalities in electoral districts.
How is it: The candidates are the same for voters in remote areas, as Jardim Angela, in the south of São Paulo, and Santana, in the north, for example.
How would it be: For this model, candidates Jardim Angela, for example, would be different from those of Santana voters. The division into districts would be made by the Superior Electoral Court (TSE).
How is it: Voters can choose to vote either for the candidate of your choice, and the number of your preferred subtitle.
How would it be: Model combines proportional representation and majority voting. The voter has two votes: one for candidates in the district and another for subtitles (matches).