14/05/2015 07h03 - Actualizado 13/05/2015 23h13

Arma de fogo mata cinco pessoas por hora no país

O Levantamento do Mapa da Violência 2015, revela que 94,5% das mortes no país são homicídios.
foto: Reproducción / Internet
foto: Reproducción / Internet

fuente: Agência Brasil/Ivan Richard

A cada uma hora, cinco pessoas foram mortas por armas de fogo no Brasil em 2012. en conjunto, más que 42,4 mil vidas foram perdidas após disparos de armas de fogo nos 366 dias daquele ano, segundo o levantamento do Mapa da Violência 2015, que será divulgado hoje (14). Esse é o pior resultado de toda a série histórica iniciada em 1980.

Elaborado com base nos dados do Subsistema de Informação sobre Mortalidade (SIM), Ministerio de Salud, que registra as declarações de óbito expedidas em todo o país, o levantamento mostra que 94,5% dessas mortes, más que 40 mil ao todo, resultaram de homicídios. As demais causas são: accidente (284), suicidio (989) ou indeterminada (1.066). Do total de vítimas de arma de fogo, 94% são do sexo masculino.

De acordo com o Mapa da Violência, entre 1980 mi 2012, más que 880 mil pessoas morreram vítimas de disparo de arma de fogo. Esse número saltou de 8.710, en 1980, para 42.416 en 2012 – crecimiento de 387%. A taxa de crescimento populacional no mesmo período foi de aproximadamente 61%.

Considerando a taxa de mortalidade por armas de fogo – que leva em conta o crescimento da população –, o ano de 2012 registrou o segundo pior resultado em toda a série histórica, con 21,9 muertes por cada 100 mil habitantes. Esse dado coloca o Brasil na 11ª posição entre 90 países analisados pelo estudo. Estão na frente do Brasil, segundo a taxa de mortalidade por arma de fogo, Venezuela, Ilhas Virgens, El Salvador, Trinadad e Tobago, Guatemala, Colombia, Iraque, Bahamas, Belize e Porto Rico. A pior taxa de mortalidade no Brasil foi verificada em 2002, quando o índice ficou em 22,2 mortes para cada 100 mil habitantes.

No caso dos homicídios praticados com armas de fogo, a taxa de mortalidade de 2012 Estaba en 20,7 para cada grupo de 100 mil habitantes – a mais elevada desde o início da série histórica.

O Mapa da Violência 2015 – Mortes Matadas por Armas de Fogo é uma parceria da Secretaria-Geral da Presidência da República, da Secretaria Nacional de Juventude (SNJ), da Secretaria de Políticas de Promoção da Igualdade Racial (Seppir), da Organização das Nações Unidas para a Educação, Ciencia y Cultura (Unesco) no Brasil e da Faculdade Latino Americana de Ciências Sociais (FLACSO).

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