14/08/2015 12h55 - Actualizado 14/08/2015 12h55

La contaminación del aire mata a cerca de todos los días 4 miles de personas en China

Se estima que 1,6 milhão de pessoas morrem devido a problemas no coração.
foto: Paz verde
foto: Paz verde

A poluição atmosférica mata cerca de 4 mil pessoas por dia na China, sendo responsável por uma em cada seis mortes prematuras registradas no país mais populoso do mundo, mostra estudo da Universidade da Califórnia, em Berkeley.

Especialistas estimam que 1,6 milhão de pessoas morrem anualmente na China devido a problemas no coração, nos pulmões e a acidente vascular cerebral (AVC), provocados pelo ar extremamente poluído.

Estudos anteriores estimavam o número anual de mortes devido à poluição atmosférica entre 1 milhão e 2 millón, mas esse levantamento usa dados recentes de monitoramento do ar.

Publicado na revista científica Plos One, o estudo atribui o problema às emissões resultantes da combustão de carvão – tanto para a produção de energia elétrica quanto para o aquecimento das casas – pelos elevados níveis de partículas registrados.

Foram feitas medições do ar em tempo real e, posteriormente, aplicados cálculos para estimar as mortes por problemas do coração, dos pulmões e por AVC, causadas por diferentes tipos de poluentes.

O principal autor da investigação, Robert Rohde, dijo 38% da população chinesa viviam em uma área com média de qualidade do ar insalubre, classificada pela Agência de Proteção Ambiental dos Estados Unidos.

Ao contrário do que ocorre nos Estados Unidos, a poluição atmosférica na China é mais grave no inverno, devido à combustão de carvão para aquecimento das moradias e às condições meteorológicas que mantêm o ar poluído mais próximo do chão, explicou Rohde.

A capital da China, Pekín, foi escolhida recentemente para organizar os Jogos Olímpicos de Inverno de 2022.

fuente: Agencia Brasil

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