22/09/2015 16h42 - Actualizado 5/05/2016 03h36

Alta incidência de queimadas requer atenção para doenças pulmonares

Pneumonia, doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica e asma, são alguns exemplos de doenças.
foto: reproducción
foto: reproducción

Pneumonia, doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica e asma, são exemplos de como a exposição à fumaça das queimadas pode afetar a saúde. Este mês, el Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Espaciales (INPE) já registrou 4.274 focos que queimadas no Estado do Amazonas. O número representa 94% de todas as queimadas registradas em agosto. En el mes pasado, 4.548 pontos de queimadas foram verificados pelo Inpe.

A principal recomendação nessa época, segundo o médico Bruno Meireles, do Pronto-Socorro do Hospital Delphina Rinaldi Abdel Aziz, é procurar lugares arejados e evitar locais próximos a focos de queimadas. Queimar galhos e lixo no quintal é crime contra o meio ambiente. O PS Delphina Aziz é uma unidade vinculada à Secretaria de Estado de Saúde (sésamo) e administrado pela Organização Social Imed – Instituto de Medicina, Investigación y Desarrollo.

A queima de qualquer material gera liberação de partículas de monóxido de carbono, substância altamente danosa ao organismo. “No dia a dia, os efeitos do monóxido de carbono não são perceptíveis de imediato, mas com o passar do tempo podem trazer grandes danos à saúde. A exposição à fumaça das queimadas pode causar doenças porque a inalação dessas partículas comprometem as funções do pulmão”, explicó.

Quem é exposto a uma grande quantidade de fumaça em caso de um incêndio, por ejemplo, tem que imediatamente procurar um pronto-socorro, orientou Meireles. As partículas de monóxido, quando entram na via respiratória, ocupam locais onde deveria haver oxigênio. De esa forma, em caso de exposição, a grande quantidade de fumaça em um incêndio, por ejemplo, o funcionamento da célula para o transporte do oxigênio é prejudicado, o sea, a respiração é comprometida.

En estos casos, com a dificuldade de respiração, o corpo precisa de mais oxigênio e a batida do coração é acelerada. Se a exposição à fumaça não for interrompida, pode haver até asfixia e morte. Em situação mais branda, a exposição a fumaça em excesso pode causa redução da visibilidade e deixar os olhos lacrimejando.

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