03/09/2015 18h42 - Actualizado 3/09/2015 18H47

CNM prevê mais prejuízos para Prefeituras em 2016

Estimativa é baseada em dados da Lei Orçamentária da União.
foto: revelación
foto: revelación

A Confederação Nacional de Municípios (CNM) analisou as informações do Projeto de Lei de Orçamento Anual (PLOA) que o governo federal enviou ao Congresso Nacional no dia 31 de agosto e fez projeções para o Fundo de Participação dos Municípios (FPM) e o Impostos Sobre Produtos Industrializados (IPI). Com base nas informações do PLOA, e nas previsões de queda do orçamento da União, a estimativa também é de redução das previsões de repasses de recursos para as prefeituras.

No PLOA divulgado pelo Ministério do Planejamento, o governo estimou que o crescimento do Produto Interno Bruto (INICIO) será de 0,2% en 2016. A PLOA também previu que o orçamento do ano que vem vai ter um déficit de R$ 30,5 bilhões e inflação de 5,4%. O texto do PLOA ainda estabelece que o valor do salário mínimo será de R$ 865,50 el próximo año.

O governo também apresentou informações sobre a receita para 2016. O valor estimado é de R$ 1,401 billones. Se comparada com o valor esperado para 2015 (R $ 1,325 billones), o montante representa um crescimento de 5,8%. Já as transferências para Estados e Municípios foram estimadas em R$ 221,7 millones de dólares para 2016. Isso significa um crescimento de 3,7% em relação à 2015, que es R $ 213,7 millones.

FPM e IPI -Exportação
De acordo com os valores divulgados na apresentação do PLOA, o FPM para o ano que vem terá um total de R$ 93,8 millones. O montante calculado já considera os valores dos repasses extras de julho e de dezembro. Ao comparar a previsão para 2016 com as projeções para 2015, depois das reavaliações, o valor representa um crescimento de 9,7% para el próximo año. Se for levado em consideração o PLOA 2015, o aumento representa apenas 3%.

A CNM tem alertado os gestores municipais que as estimativas do governo federal são superestimadas, principalmente em relação às transferências constitucionais e em desacordo com a realidade de instabilidade econômica que o país vem enfrentando.

Um bom exemplo é o valor do FPM estimado no Relatório de Avaliação Fiscal e Cumprimento de Metas estar 6,5% menor do que o inicialmente projetado no PLOA 2015. Outro repasse de transferências constitucionais analisado pela entidade com base nos dados divulgados pela PLOA foi o IPI exportação.

A Confederação esclarece que a transferência do montante de 10% da arrecadação do IPI para Estados e Distrito Federal é proporcionalmente ao valor das respectivas exportações de produtos industrializados. De este total, 75% são destinados aos Estados e Distrito Federal e os outros 25% dos Estados aos seus respectivos Municípios. O IPIExportação estimado para o ano que vem é de R$ 5,8 millones. Deste montante, R $ 1,46 bilhão serão repassados aos Municípios. O valor repassado as prefeituras representa 10,8% maior que o estimado para este ano, el cual era de R $ 1,32 millones.

Ainda de acordo com a PLOA, não houve dotação orçamentária para o Fundo de Exportações no valor de R$ 1,9 bilhão em compensações pela Lei Kandir, o sea, mais uma vez os Municípios não irão receber a parcela destinada a eles, que representaria o montante de R$ 439 millón.

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