15/08/2016 14h48 - Actualizado 15/08/2016 14h48

Low Wood River afecta el transporte de carga entre el Amazonas y Rondônia

La Marina de Brasil restringe la navegación fluvial en Madeira entre Porto Velho y Humaitá, no Amazonas.
foto: Divulgação/Dnit
foto: Divulgação/Dnit

Una grave sequía ha causado la reducción histórica en el nivel del río Madeira, Bañar a los estados de Amazonas y Rondônia. Con bajos niveles de agua, buques han reducido alrededor 30% la capacidad de carga que se transporta a seguir navegando. dificultades de navegación casi se duplicó el tiempo de viaje Manaos a Porto Velho (RO).

El nivel alcanzado Río Madeira 2,28 metros en Porto Velho Lunes (15). La cuota es la más baja registrada en el principio de agosto la última 10 años. El año pasado, en la misma fecha, Río Madeira era 9,48 metros.

El bajo nivel del río Madeira han generado restricciones en el TVN. La Marina de Brasil restringe la navegación fluvial en Madeira entre Porto Velho y Humaitá, no Amazonas. Hubo suspensión de navegación noche vasos trenes en el tramo del río situado en Rondônia.

La medida se determinó en 13 julio, después de que inspectores navales puntos de control críticos en los que el nivel del río Madeira era poco más de dos metros. El bajo nivel de agua represente un riesgo para la navegación y reduce la navegabilidad.

Para la navegación del bajo nivel de agua del río Madeira ha causado impactos negativos en los barcos de pasajeros. De acuerdo con la Asociación de Empresas de la navegación interior en el Estado de Amazonas (Sindarma), el impacto negativo es mayor en el transporte de carga. El tiempo de viaje aumentó y las compañías de transporte marítimo necesita cortar alrededor 30% la capacidad de la carga transportada en buques para continuar buscando.

En media, el tiempo de viaje para el río Madeira desde Manaus a Porto Velho fue de cuatro días, pero los transbordadores que transportaba combustible, cereales y otros productos que ahora navegan hasta siete días para cumplir con la ruta. En la dirección opuesta (Porto Velho-Manaus), lo que antes era de ocho días, Pasó a 15 tiempo de viaje días.

El río Madeira es uno de los principales corredores logísticos en el país y parte del Arco Norte. El Madeira canal es el flujo de la producción agrícola, principalmente la soja y Mato Grosso y Rondonia maíz, e insumos tales como combustibles y fertilizantes, con destino a Porto Velho y Manaos. Además de los alimentos y los productos producidos en la Zona Franca de Manaus.

A pesar de las dificultades para llevar cargas, aún no existe una previsión Manaus escasez y no aumenta los precios de flete. “Tenemos que aumentar el tiempo de viaje Manaos a Porto Velho y en la dirección opuesta, y una reducción de las cargas en los ferries para que los buques de vela con el proyecto de alivio, pero no tenemos escasez ni incremento en el transporte de mercancías. Por supuesto, tenemos un aumento en los gastos de viaje, debido a la reducción de la capacidad de carga, pero está siendo absorbida por las empresas de transporte”, dijo el vicepresidente de Sindarma, Claudomiro Carvalho Filho.

Dragado en los puntos críticos del río podría haber reducido al mínimo los efectos de la sequía, asegurando las condiciones de navegación en la estación seca. sin embargo, Hace dos años el servicio no se realiza y el Departamento Nacional de Infraestructura de Transporte (DNIT) Sólo debe comenzar el dragado del próximo año.

“Si había un dragado periódico sobre el río Madeira para reducir la sedimentación y bancos de arena, navegabilidad del mismo permanecen en la estación seca. Hemos cargado la realización del dragado, que es una necesidad urgente”, Destacó el Presidente de Sindarma, Galdino Alencar Júnior.

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