04/10/2016 09h31 - Actualizado 4/10/2016 13h36

la desconfianza de los votantes una mayor tasa de abstención, dicen los expertos

Eran más de 25 millón de habitantes y es la más grande de la historia abstención.
foto: reproducción
foto: reproducción

El número de electores que ya no vaya a las urnas el domingo (2) Llamó la atención de los expertos. La elección municipal de este año registró la mayor tasa de abstención historia: más que 25 millón de ciudadanos elegibles no votaron en todos los países.

De acuerdo con datos oficiales del Tribunal Supremo de Elecciones (TSE), la abstención aumenta desde 2008, cuando 14,6% los votantes no asistieron a la votación. En las elecciones de este año, el índice alcanzó 17,6%. El mayor porcentaje de abstenciones fue en la ciudad de Río de Janeiro, 24,28%. En seguida, eran Porto Alegre (22,51%) y Sao Paulo (21,84%). Las tasas más bajas se observaron en Manaus (8,59%), victoria (10,76) y Recife (11,31%).

Para el profesor del Departamento de la Política de Programa de Posgrado en Ciencias Políticas de la Universidad Católica (PUC) Sao Paulo, Vera Chaia, las cifras reflejan la desconfianza de los electores en la clase política. "Este fenómeno es un reflejo de todos los movimientos anteriores, las manifestaciones que comenzaron en 2013. Aunque ha habido algún cambio en el panorama político, No fue sustancial. El mismo grupo político permanece en el poder, con el gobierno del presidente Michel Temer. Esta es una demostración de repudio del votante, un reflejo de la negación de este sistema político actual ".

El cambio de este escenario no se debe sentir en el corto plazo, dice el politólogo. "Mientras política no cambiará, el votante no legitimará este escenario, con prácticas políticas que se les niega desde un punto de vista ético. Porque eso es lo que está pasando, se deslegitimar el sistema electoral ".

El politólogo y profesor de la Universidad del Estado de Río de Janeiro (UERJ) Geraldo Tadeu Monteiro Moreira señala que ciudades como Río de Janeiro, Sao Paulo y Belo Horizonte tuvieron más votos blancos, abstenciones nulos y de los candidatos que llegaron por primera vez en la carrera. "La expectativa es que los alcaldes son elegidos en estas capitales con una serie de pequeñas votos, en torno de 35% de los votos válidos. Tienen una baja legitimidad, lo cual es preocupante ".

de Moreira, a reforma política, con la disminución en el número de partidos políticos para dar más "coherencia" a los gobiernos, es esencial para cambiar el escenario de desconfianza por los votantes brasileños. "Hay una crisis de representación. El sistema político resistió y no tratar con él, Se mantuvo la misma manera. tan, el votante se da por vencido y se hará cargo de su vida o en busca de candidatos que no representan el sistema, como aquellos que dicen que los administradores, y no político. El comportamiento se puede reproducir ya que el sistema no responde a estas inquietudes de la población ".

Michel Temer

En visita a la Argentina, El presidente Michel Temer dijo que el alto índice de abstención en las elecciones municipales es el mensaje de un pueblo a la clase política. Segundo o presidente, el mensaje de los votantes debe ser asimilada a los partidos políticos y reformular "ninguna aduanas inadecuados" de la política brasileña.

"No es una decepción, sin duda alguna, con la clase política en general. No se puede particularizar el partido A o B. tenemos 35 partidos no país. Casi todos con los candidatos a los gobiernos municipales. Así mismo, abstención fue muy significativa ", Temer dijo durante una reunión con el presidente argentino, Mauricio Macri.

fuente: Agencia Brasil

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